Fitra Riau- The Indonesian Forum for Transparency Riau Province Budget (Fitra Riau) held the 9th Budget Study with the theme “Implementing Village SDGs”, this activity was carried out via Virtual Zoom Online, held on Wednesday 31 March 2020. This Budget Study presented speakers from Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration and sources from the Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency. as participants in this activity were attended by village officials, village assistant staff, PMD services, NGOs and students.
In order to accelerate the achievement of Village SDGs, it is necessary to prioritize development focus. One of the programs to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs, the 2022 Village Development Work Plan (RKP Desa), which will be prepared in June 2021, will implement village-level sustainable development goals (SDGs) for the village. Village SDGs use Village Development Index (IDM) data. The PMD Service and Village Facilitator Experts are in the process of updating the IDM. IDM is a measuring tool to determine the status of village development in Indonesia. In addition, it is also used as a reference in compiling programs to eradicate underdeveloped villages. IDM is used by the Ministry of Finance to determine the amount of village fund allocation each year.
Currently it is necessary to sharpen the direction of village development planning policies to improve the quality of life and improve people’s welfare and alleviate poverty. For the need to refocus on how the village SDGs agenda is, currently the Village SDGs refer to Presidential Decree 59 of 2017 concerning the implementation of the elaboration and goals of sustainable development. On that basis, the government has revitalized global policies, namely UN policies that maintain sustainable community welfare, maintain the sustainability of people’s social life, maintain environmental quality and inclusive development and implement governance that is able to maintain an increase in the quality of life from one generation to the next.
In her material presentation, Sri Wahyuni said “Achieving the SDGs by 2030 will fundamentally change the quality of life of the community, for example without poverty, without hunger and without discrimination against women and children, this requires support from various relevant stakeholders.
SDGs Desa itself has 18 goals, including the realization of a Village Without Poverty, a Village Without Hunger, a Healthy and Prosperous Village, Quality Village Education, Involvement of Village Women, Adequate Villages for Clean Water and Sanitation, Villages with Clean and Renewable Energy, Equitable Village Economic Growth, Infrastructure and Village Innovation according to Needs, and Villages Without Gaps.
Sri Wahyuni continued, “The direction of the national development policy implements that there are 18 SDGs in this village. This is an integrated effort to realize the village, including realizing a village without hunger and realizing an equitable growing economy.
Besides that, updating the IDM 2021 is also based on Village SDGs. Updating Village SDGs-based data updating IDM data which is even more detailed, more micro, so that it can provide more information. As an improvement process, there is a deepening of data at the RT, family and community level.
“The parties involved in the process of updating Village SDGs data are the village data collection volunteer working group, Regency/City Regional Governments, Provincial Governments, and the Ministry of Villages, PDT, and Transmigration,” said Sri Wahyuni.
In village and rural development, Village SDGs can be operationalized through various programs and activities, such as improving village infrastructure, developing tourist villages, especially those located in national priority tourist destinations such as traditional villages, inclusive villages, women-friendly and child-care villages, and healthy villages. and prosperous.
Principles and planning for village development in achieving SDGs goals are inseparable from being transparent, participatory, accountable, effective and efficient as well as gender responsive and social inclusion, so these principles need to be streamlined throughout all policies made in villages.
Tarmizi said “The practice of developing SDGs is still in progress at the village level both in data collection and data collection and identifying problems in the village”.
Factors causing the village to be helpless Tarmizi also said:
“Until now the village is still referred to as an object of development not as a subject, even though the mandate of the spirit of Law No. 6 of 2014 states that the village is the subject of development, meaning that the village itself is carrying out development and understands what should be prioritized”
The Village SDGs Paradigm has also changed the regional point of view which has been decided on a Top Down basis to become bottom-up inter-village work. Rural areas are no longer limited by contiguous or adjacent administrative zones. Rather, the basis for this cooperation is according to the potential of each village which may be far apart within one district, or across districts within a province, even villages across provinces.
Zainal Abidin from the village assistant said:
“In Riau, alhmdulillah, several districts have already formed volunteers, then all of the User Id holders have been formed, in several districts the SK has been sent but the passwords have not been received by the volunteers. Closed Zainal.